In 2009, the two sides signed a general agreement to flatten the process. This is not a formal agreement, but a specific agreement to India. EUMA and EEUMA remain important dealbreakers for India`s acquisition of U.S. equipment, as India cannot always allow the United States access to locations where weapons equipment or systems are located. What are you doing, for example, against air-to-air missiles at the scene? A key element of Clinton`s trip to India was the announcement by both sides of an agreement on EUMA. In the joint statement at the end of his visit, it said: “The Secretary of State announced that both parties had agreed to monitor the final use of U.S. defence articles.” The special rights that the United States has to client countries are understandable, as America is responsible for its security and therefore seeks to strengthen its own commitments and those of its allies through such agreements. The United States is asking all foreign buyers to sign these agreements, including close allies such as Britain and Australia. In response to a question about EUMA in Parliament in 2014, the Minister of State at the UK Foreign Office Singh said that India has had several final use monitoring agreements with the US since the 1990s. The United States has touted the End Use Monitoring Agreement (EUMA) with New Delhi as a “landmark event” and “a very important agreement” – an agreement that places India in the “mainstream of non-proliferation” and “is part of the implementation” of the nuclear agreement. The Americans say the agreement paves the way for mega-agreements on arms deliveries to India.
On the other hand, New Delhi has zealously tried to downplay the importance of EUMA and to circumvent its link with the nuclear agreement, with the Prime Minister having told Parliament twice – the last time on 22 July 2008 – that there was “no secret or hidden communication” “beyond the published documents”. This contract can be terminated in writing by both partners with a three-month period. “We are working with India on a final use agreement,” State Department spokesman Crowley said. “But it is clear that this is part of the realization of an important initiative signed by India and the United States in the field of nuclear cooperation.” Crowley added that he was “certain” that during Clinton`s visit there would be a “substantial discussion” about “the implementation of the initiative and its various components.” All these agreements are reciprocal.