6. Any reference to the “Party” covered by Article 1 of this Convention under Article 1 of this Convention is interpreted to refer to any regional economic integration organization charged with negotiating, concluding and implementing international agreements in the matters covered by this Convention. 2. This Convention is open to the accession of regional economic integration organisations made up of sovereign states and responsible for negotiating, concluding and implementing international agreements on issues entrusted to them by their Member States and which fall under this Convention. Its objective is to ensure that the international trade in wildlife species does not endanger the survival of wildlife, and it grants more than 35,000 different animal and plant species. To ensure that the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was not violated, the GATT secretariat was consulted during the development process.  The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, often referred to as CITES (SIGH-teez), is an agreement between governments that regulates the international trade in wildlife and wildlife products, from live animals and plants to food, leather goods and jewellery. It came into force in 1975 to ensure that international trade does not jeopardize the survival of plants and wildlife. In 2018, officials seized more than 1,100 turtles and turtles from a supposedly illegal hatchery on the Spanish island of Mallorca. Some of the species found are banned under CITES from international trade. Read the story here. CITES is one of the largest and oldest agreements for conservation and sustainable use. Participation is voluntary and countries that have agreed to be bound by the convention are called contracting parties.
Although CITES is legally binding on contracting parties, it is not a substitute for national laws. On the contrary, it provides a framework respected by each party, which must adopt its own national legislation for the implementation of CITES at the national level. Often, there is no national legislation (particularly in parties that have not ratified it) or sanctions with the seriousness of the crime and insufficient deterrence for wildlife traffickers.  In 2002, 50% of the contracting parties missed one or more of the four main requirements for one party: the designation of administrative and scientific authorities; laws prohibiting trade in violation of CITES; Sanctions for trade; Laws that provide for the seizure of designs.  2. The provisions of this Convention do not affect the provisions of national measures or the obligations of the parties arising from a treaty, convention or international agreement on other aspects of trade, acceptance, possession or transport of specimens that are in force or may come into force at a later date for each party, including all measures relating to customs areas. public health, veterinary or plant quarantine. Still others suggested that a new global treaty could be negotiated, specifically aimed at preventing a new Zoonian pandemic. While we believe that the ideal approach to minimize the risk of another animal-borne pandemic would be the creation of a global agreement on human, animal and wild health at the local, national and international level, we recognize that some of the proposed emergency measures are focused on the use of CITES and its existing infrastructure. (b) national measures to restrict or prohibit the trade, reception, possession or transport of species not included in Appendix I, II or III.